When considering whether or not to start a small business, there are several factors to keep in mind while determining where you would start your business. Fit Small Business compiled a 2018 ranking of all 50 states to determine the best states to start a small business, using the following categories:
- Taxes – This includes corporate, sales, property tax, individual income, and unemployment insurance tax rates. The ranking demonstrates how much you can expect that your business would have to pay in taxes in the state ranked.
- Labor Market – This category was assessed by including unemployment rates well as education levels (% of adults ages 25 to 34 who have attained at least a bachelor’s degree). This is meant to measure availability of desirable employees and the overall strength of this market in the state ranked.
- Cost of Living – This includes costs of utilities, grocery, healthcare, housing, and transportation.
- Quality of Life – This category is based on access to education, physical safety, and healthcare.
- Cost to Start a Business – Using per capita income in the state ranked, this is meant to evaluate costs to staff your business as well as the per sq. ft/year cost to rent a commercial building.
- Startup Activity – Meant to illustrate how likely new businesses are to succeed or fail in the state ranked, this represents the # and survivability of new businesses in that state.
- Access to Capital – This assesses the likelihood of your business attaining startup capital by evaluating the size and # of small business loans granted and by measuring access to capital based on the availability and amount of venture capital funds.
Taking into account these factors, the survey ranked Massachusetts 2nd out of the 50 states, with each of the categories above ranked accordingly:
- Taxes: 22 out of 50
- Labor Market: 5 out of 50
- Cost of Living: 44 out of 50
- Quality of Life: 3 out of 50
- Cost to Start a business: 8 out of 50
- Startup Activity: 3 out of 50
- Access to Capital: 3 out of 50
Massachusetts has a very low cost of labor and a relatively high cost of living, but is one of the least expensive states to start a business in. (Capital is also very accessible.) Massachusetts has very high access to education; in 2019, the state earned the number one spot for pre-K through 12th-grade education in a US News & World Report ranking. It also boasts the highest percentage of bachelor’s degree attainment! The Bay State is home to the Boston Tea Party, Harvard University, and the first phone call in history (thanks Alexander Graham Bell!). If colonial landmarks, basketball history, and Martha’s Vineyard make your day great, Massachusetts may be the right place for your startup!