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General Business Information


When considering whether or not to start a small business, there are several factors to keep in mind while determining where you would start your business. Fit Small Business compiled a 2018 ranking of all 50 states to determine the best states to start a small business, using the following categories:

  • Taxes – This includes corporate, sales, property tax, individual income, and unemployment insurance tax rates. The ranking demonstrates how much you can expect that your business would have to pay in taxes in the state ranked.
  • Labor Market – This category was assessed by including unemployment rates well as education levels (% of adults ages 25 to 34 who have attained at least a bachelor’s degree). This is meant to measure availability of desirable employees and the overall strength of this market in the state ranked.
  • Cost of Living – This includes costs of utilities, grocery, healthcare, housing, and transportation.
  • Quality of Life – This category is based on access to education, physical safety, and healthcare.
  • Cost to Start a Business – Using per capita income in the state ranked, this is meant to evaluate costs to staff your business as well as the per sq. ft/year cost to rent a commercial building.
  • Startup Activity – Meant to illustrate how likely new businesses are to succeed or fail in the state ranked, this represents the # and survivability of new businesses in that state.
  • Access to Capital – This assesses the likelihood of your business attaining startup capital by evaluating the size and # of small business loans granted and by measuring access to capital based on the availability and amount of venture capital funds.

Taking into account these factors, the survey ranked Alabama 36th out of the 50 states, with each of the categories above ranked accordingly:

  • Taxes: 35 out of 50
  • Labor Market: 39 out of 50
  • Cost of Living: 5 out of 50
  • Quality of Life: 48 out of 50
  • Cost to Start a business: 42 out of 50
  • Startup Activity: 29 out of 50
  • Access to Capital: 14 out of 50

Alabama has some of the lowest labor costs in the country, as well as a generally low cost of living. It also boasts a rich history full of civil rights and space exploration and has been an integral part of the country’s social and economic development. If being part of a state that was the first to celebrate Mardi Gras, make a 911 call, or perform a cardiac operation (or that has a whiskey as its official state drink!) strikes your fancy, then Alabama may be the right place for you and your new business!

Alabama Department of Revenue
50 N Ripley Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
P  334-242-1170

Website Link

Alabama Secretary of State
P.O. Box 5616
Montgomery, AL 36103-5616
P  334-242-5324

Website Link

Small Business Advocacy
Alabama District Office
2 North 20th Street,Suite 325
Birmingham, AL 35203
P  205-290-7101

Website Link

Business Filing Fees

LLC Filing Fee
Incorporation Filing Fee

Tax Information

Tax Type
Rate / Fee
Due Date
Corporate Income Tax
Sales Tax
Due Date:
20th of the month following the reporting period
Property Tax
Due Date:
October 1
Unemployment Tax
Due Date:
The last day of the month following the end of the quarter
Annual Report Required?*
*(C-Corp & LLC only)

Reserving your name in Alabama:
You are required to reserve a new business name in the state of Alabama, unless your business is a sole proprietorship or general partnership.
Reserve Your Name in Alabama

Additional Information

New Hire Reporting Required?
E-Verify Required?
Comprehensive State Guide
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